malay text to speech synthesis system

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Alula Tafere,Million Meshesha and Sebsibe H/Mariam A Generalized Approach To Amharic Text-to-speech(TTS) Synthesis System

A text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis system converts natural language text into speech. However, written text of a language contains both standard words (SWs) and non-standard words (NSWs) like numbers, abbreviations, synonyms, currency, and dates. These NSWs cannot be detected by an application of “letter-to-sound” rule.This work try to produce Amharic TTS system, which handle both standard words(SWs) and Non-standard words (NSWs) of Amharic language. The model described in this work has two major parts: Natural language processing (NLP) and Digital signal processing (DSP). The NLP handles the text analysis (transcription of the input SWs and NSWs) and extraction of the speech parameters. The DSP further enable to generate the artificial speech. Finally, the performance of the system shows that on the average 73.35% words both SWs and NSWs correctly pronounced. In addition, an assessment of intelligibility and naturalness of synthesized speech using MOS testing techniques results a score of 3 and 2.83, respectively.The experiment shows a promising result to design an applicable system that synthesis both SWs and NSWs for unrestricted text of a language.

3944 рублей

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Afolabi Akinlolu Olarinde Development of Text to Speech System for Yoruba Language

Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech, a computer system used for this purpose is called a speech synthesizer and can be implemented in software and hardware. A text-to-speech (TTS) system converts normal language text into speech. In the last few years, this technology has been widely available for several languages for different platform ranging from personal computer to smart devices, but for Yoruba language which is being spoken by over 30 million people out of 150 million Nigerian populace have not been fully developed. Therefore, there is need to develop such system. There are several techniques that can be used these include Formant synthesis, Articulatory synthesis, Concatenative synthesis etc. but for this work, concatenating method was used. Concatenative synthesis based on concatenation i.e. stringing together of segments of recorded parts of speech. Yoruba syllables served as the basic units of concatenation and written in C# programming language implemented in .NET Framework,Yoruba syllable database was merged with corresponding recorded Yoruba sound syllable database so that there can be meaningful sound pronunciation

2890 рублей

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Tewodros Abebe and Million Meshesha Text-To-Speech Synthesizer for Wolaytta Language

This paper describes the first Text-to-Speech (TTS) system for the Wolaytta language, using speech synthesis architecture of Festival. The TTS is based on diphone concatenative synthesis, applying Residual LPC technique. The conversion process from input text into acoustic waveform is performed in a number of steps consisting of functional components. Procedures and functions for the steps and their components are discussed. Finally, the performance of the system is measured and the quality of synthesized speech is assessed in terms of intelligibility and naturalness. The test results indicate that the majority of the words are recognizable. The overall performance of the system is found to be 78%. When it comes to the intelligibility and naturalness of the synthesized speech, it is measured in MOS scale and the overall intelligibility and naturalness of the system is found to be 3.17 and 2.77 respectively.

4358 рублей

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Ville Pulkki Communication Acoustics. An Introduction to Speech, Audio and Psychoacoustics

In communication acoustics, the communication channel consists of a sound source, a channel (acoustic and/or electric) and finally the receiver: the human auditory system, a complex and intricate system that shapes the way sound is heard. Thus, when developing techniques in communication acoustics, such as in speech, audio and aided hearing, it is important to understand the time–frequency–space resolution of hearing. This book facilitates the reader’s understanding and development of speech and audio techniques based on our knowledge of the auditory perceptual mechanisms by introducing the physical, signal-processing and psychophysical background to communication acoustics. It then provides a detailed explanation of sound technologies where a human listener is involved, including audio and speech techniques, sound quality measurement, hearing aids and audiology. Key features: Explains perceptually-based audio: the authors take a detailed but accessible engineering perspective on sound and hearing with a focus on the human place in the audio communications signal chain, from psychoacoustics and audiology to optimizing digital signal processing for human listening. Presents a wide overview of speech, from the human production of speech sounds and basics of phonetics to major speech technologies, recognition and synthesis of speech and methods for speech quality evaluation. Includes MATLAB examples that serve as an excellent basis for the reader’s own investigations into communication acoustics interaction schemes which intuitively combine touch, vision and voice for lifelike interactions.

8450.67 рублей

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Rajput Nitendra Speech in Mobile and Pervasive Environments

This book provides a cross-disciplinary reference to speech in mobile and pervasive environments Speech in Mobile and Pervasive Environments addresses the issues related to speech processing on resource-constrained mobile devices. These include speech recognition in noisy environments, specialised hardware for speech recognition and synthesis, the use of context to enhance recognition and user experience, and the emerging software standards required for interoperability. This book takes a multi-disciplinary look at these matters, while offering an insight into the opportunities and challenges of speech processing in mobile environs. In developing regions, speech-on-mobile is set to play a momentous role, socially and economically; the authors discuss how voice-based solutions and applications offer a compelling and natural solution in this setting. Key Features Provides a holistic overview of all speech technology related topics in the context of mobility Brings together the latest research in a logically connected way in a single volume Covers hardware, embedded recognition and synthesis, distributed speech recognition, software technologies, contextual interfaces Discusses multimodal dialogue systems and their evaluation Introduces speech in mobile and pervasive environments for developing regions This book provides a comprehensive overview for beginners and experts alike. It can be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in electrical engineering and computer science. Students, practitioners or researchers in the areas of mobile computing, speech processing, voice applications, human-computer interfaces, and information and communication technologies will also find this reference insightful. For experts in the above domains, this book complements their strengths. In addition, the book will serve as a guide to practitioners working in telecom-related industries.

11483.67 рублей

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Disner Sandra Ferrari Vowels and Consonants

This popular and accessible introduction to phonetics has been fully updated for its third edition, and now includes an accompanying website with sound files, and expanded coverage of topics such as speech technology. Describes how languages use a variety of different sounds, many of them quite unlike any that occur in well-known languages Written by the late Peter Ladefoged, one of the world's leading phoneticians, with updates by renowned forensic linguist, Sandra Ferrari Disner Includes numerous revisions to the discussion of speech technology and additional updates throughout the book Explores the acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual components of speech, demonstrates speech synthesis, and explains how speech recognition systems work Supported by an accompanying website at www.vowelsandconsonants3e.com featuring additional data and recordings of the sounds of a wide variety of languages, to reinforce learning and bring the descriptions to life

4193.52 рублей

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Haji Mukti, Catherine Manning Muir The Saga of Siti Mariah

The Saga of Siti Mariah is a window into the workings of the Cultuurstelsel or "Forced Cultivation" system imposed in the Dutch East Indies from 1830 until 1870. In this book's pages, the lives of Dutch sugar barons, indigenous elite, European officials, and Chinese middlemen who were enriched under the system intersect with those of Javanese peasants who suffered under its yoke and the Javanese women who were bedded by the Dutch masters and administrators, fit only to be concubines, never wives.Published in serial form in Malay lingua franca between 1910 and 1912, the work forms part of sastra pra-Indonesia, or pre-Indonesian literature - literature written in Malay before the nationalist term "Indonesian" began to be applied to the Malay language texts then being produced in the archipelago.

3214 рублей

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Uqbah Iqbal, Nordin Hussin, Ahmad Ali Seman The Historical Development of the Malay Society Economic Nature During Pre-Colonial Era

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - History, National University of Malaysia, course: History, language: English, abstract: This study analyzes the historical development of the economic nature of the Malay community in the East Coast and Northern Malay Peninsula during pre-colonial era. The method used is based on the screening methods of the resources that are available in the library and the National Archives of Malaysia. The study objective are to dismantling the historical development of the Malay peninsula economic from the perspective of the Malay world, the economic nature of the Malay community during pre-colonial era, and the impact of international trade on the Malay Peninsula economic at this time. The Malay Peninsula became the focus of the study because of its economy is the cord to the formation of the Malaysian economy. The historical development of the Malay Peninsula economic will focus on the East Coast and the North. While studies published by the Western scholar more emphasis on the states on the West Coast of the Malay Peninsula, the majority Malay community at that time concentrated in the East Coast and Northern Malay Peninsula. In contrast to the study of the Western scholar, the study will look at the historical development of the Malay Peninsula economic and Malay society economic nature from the perspective of the Malay world itself. It allows in-depth investigations to the extent to which socio-economic str...

2002 рублей

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Lam Yulin Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis. Concepts, Strategies, and Applications

Presents both the fundamental concepts and the most recent applications in solid-phase organic synthesis With its emphasis on basic concepts, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis guides readers through all the steps needed to design and perform successful solid-phase organic syntheses. The authors focus on the fundamentals of heterogeneous supports in the synthesis of organic molecules, explaining the use of a solid material to facilitate organic synthesis. This comprehensive text not only presents the fundamentals, but also reviews the most recent research findings and applications, offering readers everything needed to conduct their own state-of-the-art science experiments. Featuring chapters written by leading researchers in the field, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is divided into two parts: Part One, Concepts and Strategies, discusses the linker groups used to attach the synthesis substrate to the solid support, colorimetric tests to identify the presence of functional groups, combinatorial synthesis, and diversity-oriented synthesis. Readers will discover how solid-phase synthesis is currently used to facilitate the discovery of new molecular functionality. The final chapter discusses how using a support can change or increase reaction selectivity. Part Two, Applications, presents examples of the solid-phase synthesis of various classes of organic molecules. Chapters explore general asymmetric synthesis on a support, strategies for heterocyclic synthesis, and synthesis of radioactive organic molecules, dyes, dendrimers, and oligosaccharides. Each chapter ends with a set of conclusions that underscore the key concepts and methods. References in each chapter enable readers to investigate any topic in greater depth. With its presentation of basic concepts as well as recent findings and applications, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is the ideal starting point for students and researchers in organic, medicinal, and combinatorial chemistry who want to take full advantage of current solid-phase synthesis techniques.

12354.84 рублей

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Divya Sharma Hash Based Data Text Fusion using Speech Signal Algorithm

Digital Steganography is the process of hiding a message in a cover signal. This book shows the various technique available for hiding text data in a speech signal. The process of hiding digital data(such as speech, text, and image) in a Speech Signal is called Speech Steganography. This book i have also discusses the differences between Steganography, Digital Watermarking and Cryptography dealing with a Speech Signal.

4017 рублей

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Sharma Divya Hash Based Data Text Fusion Using Speech Signal Algorithm

Digital Steganography is the process of hiding a message in a cover signal. This book shows the various technique available for hiding text data in a speech signal. The process of hiding digital data(such as speech, text, and image) in a Speech Signal is called Speech Steganography. This book i have also discusses the differences between Steganography, Digital Watermarking and Cryptography dealing with a Speech Signal.

8777 рублей

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Ariful Islam and Shafinaz Shahjahan Nitu Comparing DMS with Algorithms and Distances between Microphones.

Recent days, speech quality is one of the most important factors in mobile communication and the quality depends on Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) improvement. Dual Microphone System (DMS) can recover a speech from noisy environment with the help of different algorithms. This paper contributes to reduce babble speech noise by developing the dual microphone system with two Omni-directional microphones for close talk handset mode in mobile phone. It can also find out the position of microphones in a mobile. This system is successfully compressed the babble noise and improve the quality of speech.

3167 рублей

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Xiao-Feng Wu Transition Metal-Catalyzed Heterocycle Synthesis via C-H Activation

Reflecting the tremendous growth of this hot topic in recent years, this book covers C-H activation with a focus on heterocycle synthesis. As such, the text provides general mechanistic aspects and gives a comprehensive overview of catalytic reactions in the presence of palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, copper, iron, cobalt, and iridium. The chapters are organized according to the transition metal used and sub-divided by type of heterocycle formed to enable quick access to the synthetic route needed. Chapters on carbonylative synthesis of heterocycles and the application of C-H activation methodology to the synthesis of natural products are also included. Written by an outstanding team of authors, this is a valuable reference for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of organic synthesis, catalysis, natural product synthesis, pharmaceutical chemistry, and crop protection.

12070.3 рублей

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Laurie Starkey S. Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis

The stepping-stone text for students with a preliminary knowledge of organic chemistry looking to move into organic synthesis research and graduate-level coursework Organic synthesis is an advanced but important field of organic chemistry, however resources for advanced undergraduates and graduate students moving from introductory organic chemistry courses to organic synthesis research are scarce. Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis is designed to fill this void, teaching practical skills for making logical retrosynthetic disconnections, while reviewing basic organic transformations, reactions, and reactivities. Divided into seven parts that include sections on Retrosynthesis and Protective Groups; Overview of Organic Transformations; Synthesis of Monofunctional Target Molecules; Synthesis of Target Molecules with Two Functional Groups; Synthesis of Aromatic Target Molecules; Synthesis of Compounds Containing Rings; and Predicting and Controlling Stereochemistry, the book covers everything students need to successfully perform retrosynthetic analyses of target molecule synthesis. Starting with a review of functional group transformations, reagents, and reaction mechanisms, the book demonstrates how to plan a synthesis, explaining functional group analysis and strategic disconnections. Incorporating a review of the organic reactions covered, it also demonstrates each reaction from a synthetic chemist's point of view, to provide students with a clearer understanding of how retrosynthetic disconnections are made. Including detailed solutions to over 300 problems, worked-through examples and end-of-chapter comprehension problems, Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis serves as a stepping stone for students with an introductory knowledge of organic chemistry looking to progress to more advanced synthetic concepts and methodologies.

4114.32 рублей

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Ehsan Mohammed, I. Abbas Eyad Speech recognition for wheelchair movement based on microcontroller

This book introduced an approach to design and implement a system to control the movement of wheelchair by means of the human voice for paralyzed patients. This book illustrates a robust algorithm for speech recognition, this algorithm used to identify the speaker (user) and the word to make the system more secure. Many and different features of sound were used and illustrated, Dynamic Time warping (DTW) method for matching process. This book is very helpful for whom interested with speech recognition and using the speech recognition for security applications. This book shows Microcontroller interfacing with PC and using Microcontroller with Motors.

7414 рублей

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Chattopadhyay Shital K. Heterocycles in Natural Product Synthesis

Filling a gap on the market, this handbook and ready reference is unique in its discussion of the usefulness of various heterocyclic systems in the synthesis of natural products. Clearly structured for easy access to the information, each chapter is devoted to a certain class of heterocycle, providing a tabular presentation of the natural products to be covered containing the particular heterocyclic ring system along with their biological profile, occurrence and most important physical properties, backed by the appropriate references. In addition, the application of the heterocyclic system to the synthesis of natural products ic covered in detail. Of great interest to organic, natural products, medicinal and biochemists, as well as those working in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industry.

18136.28 рублей

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Henry Clay Speech of Henry Clay, in defence of the American system, against the British colonial system microform

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "[Washington? : s.n.]", 1832 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Speech of Henry Clay, in defence of the American system, against the British colonial system microform. With an appendix of documents referred to in the speech

686 рублей

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Mohamed Nemr Review article on Solid Phase Synthesis

The first concept of solid phase synthesis was performed by Merrifield (1) in a dipeptide synthesis from two amino acids. Not surprisingly, Solid phase synthesis did not remain limited to peptides, but also it was extended to heterocycles, so many synthesis methods in solution phase had been transferred to solid phase processes.So, solid phase organic synthesis had become very attractive route of synthesis due to its simplicity of separation of synthetic intermediates from soluble components of a reaction mixture by simple filtration and washing of the resin bound reaction product.

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Presents both the fundamental concepts and the most recent applications in solid-phase organic synthesis With its emphasis on basic concepts, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis guides readers through all the steps needed to design and perform successful solid-phase organic syntheses. The authors focus on the fundamentals of heterogeneous supports in the synthesis of organic molecules, explaining the use of a solid material to facilitate organic synthesis. This comprehensive text not only presents the fundamentals, but also reviews the most recent research findings and applications, offering readers everything needed to conduct their own state-of-the-art science experiments. Featuring chapters written by leading researchers in the field, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is divided into two parts: Part One, Concepts and Strategies, discusses the linker groups used to attach the synthesis substrate to the solid support, colorimetric tests to identify the presence of functional groups, combinatorial synthesis, and diversity-oriented synthesis. Readers will discover how solid-phase synthesis is currently used to facilitate the discovery of new molecular functionality. The final chapter discusses how using a support can change or increase reaction selectivity. Part Two, Applications, presents examples of the solid-phase synthesis of various classes of organic molecules. Chapters explore general asymmetric synthesis on a support, strategies for heterocyclic synthesis, and synthesis of radioactive organic molecules, dyes, dendrimers, and oligosaccharides. Each chapter ends with a set of conclusions that underscore the key concepts and methods. References in each chapter enable readers to investigate any topic in greater depth. With its presentation of basic concepts as well as recent findings and applications, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is the ideal starting point for students and researchers in organic, medicinal, and combinatorial chemistry who want to take full advantage of current solid-phase synthesis techniques.

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